Educational System in the Philippines
Philippine educational system consist of formal and non-formal education. The system is quite different compared to other countries where basic education in other countries takes about twelve years compared to ten years in the Philippines. The system in the Philippines is closely related to the American system while other Asian countries are mostly influenced by the Dutch, English or French system. Philippines is using bilingual language as their medium of instruction. Some subject are taught in Filipino and some in English.
Formal education consists of academic schooling at three levels which starts at Elementary, Secondary and Tertiary or Higher education. In addition, there is an option for pre-school where kids at age three to four years old can start pre-school. Non-formal education are learning activities that are done outside the formal system and most people who avails of these are the out-of-school youth or those adult illiterates who cannot avail of formal education.
Education is handled by three government organizations namely CHED or Commission on Higher Education; TESDA or Technical Education and Skills Development Authority; and DECS or Department of Education, Culture and Sports. DECS which handles both private and public education aims to provide high quality basic education to all people. As stated, education is not only for the rich, but for all people.
School year in the Philippines is strongly influenced with its seasons. The hottest month of the year which falls in March to May are the summer break. The rainy or wet season which starts in June also marks the beginning of the school year. The total number of school days for the whole year is 200 and school year usually ends the first weeks in March. It has its mid year break and that is during Christmas. It has two to three weeks Christmas break and a few days break at the start of November to celebrate All Saints and All souls Day.
Public Schools versus Private Schools
It is important that Filipinos choose the best when it comes to their child’s education. It is important then that they know which one will work out best for their child, to put him/her in a public or private school? Read further to discover the pros and cons of putting kids in a public school or private school.
Private School – Pros and Cons
- Quality of students. Most students who attend private schools are mostly the wealthy and some of them are quite spoiled. These are the kind of students that make the work of the teachers hard.
- Quality of Teachers. Before private schools hire unlicensed teachers, but now this problem is corrected already, since DECS is quite strict already for their requirements. Schools are now closely monitored by DECS so that private schools now have to hire licensed teachers.
- Quality of Lessons Taught. Lessons taught in private schools are usually advance than that in the public schools.
- Facilities. Private school facilities are more complete like their laboratories, libraries and computer rooms.
- Moral Values. Private especially Christian schools are quite conservative and they are strict with the norms and standard they set. If you observed, most Christian schools here in the Philippines products are well-behaved students.
- Security. Private schools has tight security that is because private schools can hire more security guards since they can afford to do so.
Public School – Pros and Cons
- Quality of students. You can definitely find all kinds of students here. The population is definitely a mixture of extremes. You can definitely find the most intelligent as well as those that suffer from learning disabilities. Inmost contest the best students in public schools are in par and even at edge with private schools students.
- Quality of Teachers. All teachers in public schools are Philippine Board Passers but they tend to get relaxed sometimes because of lack of monitoring from their heads or supervisors.
- Quality of Lessons Taught. Private schools definitely are of edge with public school in this matter although the special science section in Public schools can compete with private schools.
- Facilities. Public schools are definitely behind with private schools when it comes to school facilities. However it is good to know that there are innovative teachers at public schools and intelligent students which compensates with what is lacking.
- Moral Values. Since public schools is a mixture of students with different status in life it is understood that some students lack manners and this affects other students. It is in the hands of the teachers to control such behaviors.
- Security. Security is not that tight and it is quite alarming especially since the students do come from various social backgrounds thus fraternities and brotherhoods might be present which may cause problem.
International schools are private schools which are well funded and very advanced. It is a bit expensive, but the quality of education delivered is really high. The cost of this education is quite high and fees ranges from minimum 5,000 to 30,000 php a month. Here are some of the top International Schools in the Philippines.
- European International School – http://www.eis-manila.org/index.htm
- Cebu International School – http://www.cis.edu.ph/
- International British Academy – http://www.brent.edu.ph/
- International School, Manila – http://www.ismanila.com/
- Southville International School & Colleges – http://southville.edu.ph/
- Brent International School, Subic – http://www.brentsubic.edu.ph/
- Brent International School, Baguio – http://www.brentschoolbaguio.com/
- Centre for International Education – http://cie.edu/
- Harvest Christian School International – http://www.hcsinternational.org/
- Faith Academy, Inc. – http://www.faith.edu.ph/
- Reedley International School – http://www.reedleyschool.com/
Home schooling in the Philippines is not that popular but it does exist. Fortunately more and more parents are recognizing this and have decided to home school their child. Home schooling in the Philippines is legal and is supported in the Philippine Constitution. The Department of Education requires the child to take a validation exam so a certificate is issued which will indicate the year level the child has finish. To avoid such practice, you can instead enroll your child in accredited home school provider. Below are list of accredited home school provider in the Philippines.
- Angelicum College
- Homeschool of Asia Pacific – http://www.homeschoolofasiapacific.com/
- Catholic Filipino Academy
- Victory Elijah School Systems
- Harvest Christian School International – www.hcsinternational.org
- The Master’s Academy
- The School of Tomorrow
In conclusion, there are lots of options where to send kids. Most important is just to make sure to choose the best option which parents think will fit their childs needs.
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