Nagacadan Rice Terraces
The Cordillera administrative region is situated in the northern central part of Luzon. The region consists of 6 provinces namely – Mountain Province, Kalinga, Ifugao, Benguet, Apayao and Abra. Its land characteristic is mostly mountainous.

Its highest peak is Mt. Pulog found in the boundary of Nueva Vscaya and Benguet. It has seventy-five municipalities and two cities. The Cordillera administrative region center is Baguio City. Now lets take a closer look to the provinces of Cordillera administrative region:

Mountain Province

The province is situated at the heart of the Cordillera Mountain, the Philippines highest and largest range of mountain. It is bounded by Abra and Ilocos Sur in the west; Isabela in the east, Ifugao and Benguet in the south and Kalinga in the north. The province total land area is 209,733 where seventy-seven percent is forest lands and the rest is categorized as disposable lands.

The main source of income of the province is agriculture. Today tourism is also actively taking part in boosting the economy of the province. As known, Bontoc is the capital city of Mt. Province yet the town of Sagada is becoming more popular among tourist today. Their rice terrace is getting much attention although it is not as popular as the Banaue Rice Terraces still both are just magnificently done. Needless to say, the province is becoming a favorite destination of both foreign and local tourists.

Tourist Attractions

Burial Caves

This burial caves are definitely getting a lot of attention especially to foreign tourists. The site is an ancient burial ground with coffins hanging. This incredible site is in the municipality of Sagada which is nineteen kilometers west from Bontoc.

Rice Terraces

The pride of the Sagada people is their rice terraces which is as magnificent as the Banaue Rice Terraces.


This is a village which is popular for its basket weaving. Other weaving houses found in Mt. Province are the Samoki Weaving House, Sabanagan Loom Weaving and Sagada Weaving House.

Other points of interest in Mt. Province includes the Mount Data, Alab, Bontoc Petroglyphs; and Bontoc Igorot Museum.


The province of Kalinga is surrounded by land in the northern section of the Region. It is bounded in the west by Abra, in the south by Mt. Province, in the north by Apayao and Cagayan; and on the eastern part are Isabela and Cagayan.

Total land area of the province is 3,119.4 square kilometers where 85.96% is declared as public land and the rest is disposable. This is one major issue that the province faces aside of course from the inaccessibility issue because of the terrain of the province.

The province is blessed with mineral resources both non-metallic and metallic which are found mostly at the municipalities of Pasil and Balbalan. Their metallic resources are gold and copper while non-metallic reserves like sulphur, sand and gravel. Kalinga’s timber resources are abundant.

Communication has greatly improved with telephone lines being installed in the eight municipalities of Kalinga with the exception of course of the PLECS network which is in the Provincial Capitol. Telegraph services is available in the municipalities of Lubuagan and Tabuk. As a separate province, Kalinga is becoming famous as an emerging eco-tourism discovery of the Cordilleras.

Historical Sites

Aguinaldo Hills

The hill is at Barangay Asibanglan-Pinukpuk Road. The hill was once used by General Aguinaldo at the time of Philippine-American war as its common post.

Cultural Attraction

Mini Museum in Kalinga

This museum was established by Kalinga Special Development Authority and is located at Bulano Tabuk.

Natural Wonders

Aciga Tree

This is perhaps the largest Acacia tree found in a village in Kalinga. You can find the tree in the school grounds of Aciga Elementary School and is even believed the tree to be a landmark where the treasures of Yamashita are buried.

Aguinaldo Hill

This is where the Katipuneros have made their stand against the American forces in Abra.

Balbalasang National Park

This park is a symbol of resistance of the locals of Kalingas from the logging companies.

Buaya Caves

This cave is just similar to that of Sagada caves where you find ample of stalagmite and stalactites formation. The caves here are linked together and practically cover the whole mountain slope.

Lubo and Mangali Rice Terraces

It would be great to see the rice planted in the villages of Lobo. Try to visit the place when they about to harvest the rice or the time they are planting it.

Other sites that you should not miss when exploring Kalinga includes Sungang View Point, Palan-ah falls and hot springs, Mt. Mating-oy Dinayao, Tinglayan Rice Terraces, Mount Binaratan, Tiga-aran aran Kabunian, Ugid Maling Subterranean River, Padcharao Lake, Pasil Natural Dam, Kabunian Bridge and Springs, Guinaang, Bananao and Manangol Viewpoint; Elephant Hill, Capitol Tourism Plaza, Rizal Lagoon, and Chico Dam.


Ifugao before it became an independent province was once part of the old Mountain Province. The Old Mountain Province actually comprises Ifugao, Kalinga Apayao, Benguet and Mountain Province. Today this province has become independent. In the 18th of June 1966 Ifugao became an independent province.

The province popularity has boosted its tourism industry especially since their popular rice terraces which are found in Mayoyao, Banaue, Kiangan, and Hungduan were added in the list of World Heritage.

Historical Attractions

Philippine War Memorial Shrine

This memorial shrine is created to commemorate the end of World Ward II. The shrine is at Linda, Kiangan. You can actually view neighboring Barangays as well as the capital town of Lagawe from the shrine.

Cultural Attraction

National Museum

The museum in Kiangan showcases Ifugao artifacts and is managed by the National Museum of the Philippines.

Tam-an Village

This village is located 240 steps below the Banaue Hotel’s swimming pool. You will find hand woven and wood carving products here which you can buy to bring back home.

Other villages which are worth to explore are Bangaan Village, Hapao Village, Batad Village, Poitan Village and Bocos Village. These villages show the typical Ifugao community and way of life.

Natural Wonders

Bintakan Cave

The cave is located Ibunao about two kilometers from the Provincial Capitol. The cave has three divisions with lots of stalagmites and stalactites in various shapes.

Nah-toban Cave

This cave is bigger compared to Bintakan Cave and it has four divisions although there are still other parts of the caves that are not yet explored. The cave is in Boliwong, Lagawe.

Guihob Natural Swimming Pool

If you want to experience a refreshing and cool swim then this is the perfect place for you. It might be quite far but it sure will be worth it. It is four kilometer from Banaue, Poblacion.

Other sites to enjoy when in Ifugao include Tukuhan Sulphur Hot Springs in Tinoc, Tappiya Waterfalls at Banaue, Buyukan Waterfalls in Banaue, Ambuwaya Lake at Kiangan, and Asin Hot Springs.

Man-Made Attractions

Banaue Rice Terraces

BanaueThe name says it all. This is famous worldwide since it is the “Eight Wonder of the World”. No matter how many time you have seen this site still it will caught you breathless and will wonder what an ingenuity the Ifugao have. Such engineering skills you cannot probably comprehend.

Other rice terraces worth to see is the Batad Rice Terraces in Banaue, Mayoyao Rice Terraces in Mayoyao, Hapao Rice Terraces at Hungduan and Nayaradan Rice Terraces in Kiangan.

Magat Dam

Known to be the biggest dam in Asia and is in the municipality of Alfonso Lista which is twenty-five kilometers from Santa Maria.

A special interest for Mountain Climbers is mountain climbing coupled with village visits in Ifugao is the best outdoor adventure one can have. Experience mountain climbing at Mount Amuyao, the 8th highest peak in the Philippines. You can also consider other mountains like Mount Napulawan and Mount Anapawon.


The province is in the southern tip of the Cordillera Mountain of northern section of Luzon. It is bounded by La Union in the west, in the south by Pangasinan, in the east by Neva Vizcaya and Ifugao; and Mountain Province and Ilocos Sur in the north. Benguet experience a cool climate and it still have its wet and dry season.

Benguet is home to three ethnic groups namely the Ibaloi, Kalanguaya and Kankanai. All of them are referred as the Igorots and all three ethnic group shared the same belief and also observe common rituals. Their main livelihood is weaving, basket making and wood-carving.

Because of its beautiful scenic spots and temperate climate, visitors both foreign and local come to this place boosting the economy through their blooming tourism industry. Aside from tourism, Benguet is a leading producer of vegetable. Its major crops produced are carrots, lettuce, cabbage, strawberries, peas, beans and white potatoes. They also have agri-base business like floriculture, basket weaving, broom-making, peanut brittle production, fruit preservation and monggo processing.

Benguet is also blessed with mineral resources. It is abundant with minerals like pyrite, limestone, copper and gold. Mining firms in Benguet contributed about 98% in the province export revenue. Another industry which puts the province as one of the top exports is the Loom weaving.

Tourist Attractions

Benguet is one of the leading tourist destination in the Philippines. Its temperate climate, warm people and unique culture makes it the favorite place for both foreign and local tourists. That is why tourist related industries is also a boom like inns, restaurants and handicrafts are viable investments if one is planning to put up a business.

There are plenty of tourist spots in Benguet and all are must see for the tourists. To mention a few are the Kabayan Mummies at Ambuklao, Binga Dams, Mt. Pulag the second highest peak in the Philippines and various caves, water falls and hot springs that certainly attracts lots of visitors every year.

Benguet is also a place that witness many events of Philippine history like the Kaliwaga Cave at Kapungan, the tunnels at Tadiangan, and Camp Utopia. These are just a few of the historical sites in Benguet.


The province is situated right in the deeps of the Cordillera Mountain. The province is categorized into two that is the Upper and lower Apayao. The upper Apayao consist of three municipalities and occupies more than half of the total a land area of the province. The lower Apayao have four municipalities and the land is generally flat.

Apayao consist of seven municipalities namely Santa Marcela, Flora, Pudtol, Conner, Calanasan and Kabugao. Kabugao is the oldest among all the municipalities.

Tourist Attractions

Apayao River

Untouched and pure water that pass through six Apayao municipalities. You can ride a motorboat and you will see fishes in the water and some wildlife. You can also see beautiful waterfalls in different sizes along the Apayao River.

Other scenic spots you can finding Apayao includes Jamboree site at Sta. Marcela, Lizardo Brooks, Agamata Park in Calanasan, Swan Hilltop View in Pudtol, and Turod View Deck at Luna.

Other recreational sites that you should not miss includes the Purit cave and Danao Lake at Calanasan; Agora Wildlife Sanctuary in Pudtol, Malabanag Hot Spring at Paco Valley, Bayugao Lake at Dibagat, Kabugao, Bacut Dam at Sta.Marcela, Anag-Sicapo Wildlife Sanctuary at Kabugao, and Abbot Cave and Swan Ogee Dam at Pudtol, Lover’s Lane at Luna.


Abra is in the western part of the region. It is bounded by Ilocos Sur and Mountain Province in the south; Ilocos Sur in the west, Kalinga-Apayao in the east and Ilocos Norte in the north. They have two seasons – wet which starts from May to October and the dry season starts in November to April.

The locals of Abra are mostly Ilocanos and from Tingguian tribe. Due to intermarriages between the two cultures many Tingguians were Christianize although some Abrans still sticks to their belief in super natural spirits.

Abra’s economy is base in agriculture. Its major produced is corn, root crops and rice. They also have a few commercial produce like coconut, tobacco and coffee. They have a vast pasture areas and grassland which they use for livestock production.

Tourist Attractions

Abra River

This is the famous Abra River which passes through its six municipalities. It is by far the longest river in the province. It is ideal for swimming and fishing.

Libtec Underground River

One of the most enchanting underground river in Barangay Libtec, Dolores.

Other beautiful spots to see in Abra include Kimkimay Lake, Don Mariano Marcos Bridge and Victoria National Park.

[google-maps width=590 height=400]

Leave a Reply